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INTERNATIONAL BACCALAUREATE DIPLOMA PROGRAMME IN VILNIUS LYCEUM
The IB Diploma programme is a course designed for students aged 16 to 19. It is an academically challenging and balanced programme of education with final examinations that prepares students for success at university and life beyond. The programme is normally taught over two years and has gained recognition and respect from the world’s leading universities.
The International Baccalaureate aims to develop inquiring, knowledgeable and caring young people who help to create a better and more peaceful world through intercultural understanding and respect. To this end the organization works with schools, governments and international organizations to develop challenging programmes of international education and rigorous assessment. These programmes encourage students across the world to become active, compassionate and lifelong learners who understand that other people, with their differences, can also be right.
The aim of all IB programmes is to develop internationally minded people who, recognizing their common humanity and shared guardianship of the planet, help to create a better and more peaceful world.
IB learners strive to be:
In Vilnius Lyceum, the IB diploma programme was started in 1997. We have grown from an initial class of 7 to our current group of 83 Diploma candidates. Our success rate for earning the IB Diploma has been 100% over the most recent years.
The following are the subjects offered for 2013-2015
Candidates for the diploma study six subjects selected from the subject groups. Normally three subjects are studied at higher level (courses representing 240 teaching hours), and the remaining three subjects are studied at standard level (courses representing 150 teaching hours). All three parts of the core – extended essay, theory of knowledge (TOK) and creativity, action, service (CAS) – are compulsory and are central to the philosophy of the Diploma Programme.
English is the language of instruction.
The extended essay has a prescribed limit of 4,000 words. It offers the opportunity to investigate a topic of individual interest, and acquaints students with the independent research and writing skills expected at university.
The interdisciplinary Theory of Knowledge (TOK) course is designed to provide coherence by exploring the nature of knowledge across disciplines, encouraging an appreciation of other cultural perspectives.
Participation in the school’s Creativity, action, service (CAS) programme encourages students to be involved in artistic pursuits, sports and community service work, thus fostering students’ awareness and appreciation of life outside the academic arena.
Group 1 language and literature study courses are designed to support future academic study by developing high levels of language competence and communication skills as well as social, aesthetic and cultural literacy. Group1 courses are suitable for students who have experience of using the language in an academic context.
Language A: language and literature course comprises four parts—two relate to the study of language and two to the study of literature. The course aims to develop in students skills of textual analysis and the understanding that texts, both literary and non-literary, can be seen as autonomous yet simultaneously related to culturally determined reading practices. A key aim is to encourage students to focus closely on the language of the texts they study and to become aware of the role of each text’s wider context in shaping its meaning.
Group 2 language acquisition courses are designed to provide students with the necessary skills and intercultural competence that will enable them to communicate successfully in an environment where the language studied is spoken.
The study of the IB Economics is essentially about the concept of scarcity and the problem of resource allocation. A certain methodology is employed that can be summarized as a progression from problem identification, through hypothesis formulation and testing, arriving finally at a conclusion. Alongside the empirical observations of positive economics, students of the subject are asked to formulate normative questions. Encouraging students to explore such questions forms the central focus of the economics course. No particular background in terms of specific subjects studied is expected or required and no prior knowledge of economics is necessary for students to undertake a course of study based on this specification. However, a familiarity with economic concepts would be an advantage. The following topics are studied: introduction to economics, microeconomics, macroeconomics, international economics.
Geography is a dynamic subject that is firmly grounded in the real world and focuses on the interactions between individuals, societies and the physical environment in both time and space. It seeks to identify trends and patterns in these interactions and examines the processes behind them. It also investigates the way that people adapt and respond to change and evaluates management strategies associated with such change. Geography describes and helps to explain the similarities and differences between spaces and places. These may be defined on a variety of scales and from a range of perspectives. Within group 3 subjects, geography is distinctive in that it occupies the middle ground between social sciences and natural sciences. The Diploma Programme geography course integrates both physical and human geography, and ensures that students acquire elements of both scientific and socio economic methodologies. Geography takes advantage of its position between both these groups of subjects to examine relevant concepts and ideas from a wide variety of disciplines. This helps students develop an appreciation of, and a respect for, alternative approaches, viewpoints and ideas.
Students of the IB History course learn how the discipline works. It is an exploratory subject that poses questions without providing definitive answers. In order to understand the past, students must engage with it both through exposure to primary historical sources and through the work of historians. Historical study involves both selection and interpretation of data and critical evaluation of it. Students of history should appreciate the relative nature of historical knowledge and understanding, as each generation reflects its own world and preoccupations and as more evidence emerges. A study of history both requires and develops an individual’s understanding of, and empathy for, people living in other periods and contexts. The course focuses on the study of certain topics from the 20th century Europe History at Higher Level and Standard Level, and certain aspects related to the 19th century Europe are studied at Higher Level.
The IB Psychology examines the interaction of biological, cognitive and sociocultural influences on human behaviour, thereby adopting an integrative approach. Understanding how psychological knowledge is generated, developed and applied enables students to achieve a greater understanding of themselves and appreciate the diversity of human behaviour. The ethical concerns raised by the methodology and application of psychological research are key considerations in IB psychology. No prior study of psychology is expected. No particular background in terms of specific subjects studied is expected or required of students. The skills needed for the psychology course are developed during the course itself.
A common curriculum model applies to all the Diploma programme group 4 subjects: biology, chemistry, and physics. Students at both SL and HL study a core syllabus, and this is supplemented by the study of options. Students at HL also study additional higher level) material. Students at SL are required to spend 40 hours, and students at HL 60 hours, on practical/investigative work. This includes 10 hours for the group 4 project. All the experimental science courses provide opportunities for scientific study and creativity; enable students to apply and use scientific methods and techniques; develop an ability to analyze, evaluate and synthesize scientific information; develop experimental and investigative scientific skills; raise awareness of the moral, ethical, social, economic and environmental implications of using science and technology, etc.
In the IB Biology course, it is hoped that students will acquire a limited body of facts and, at the same time, develop a broad, general understanding of the principles of the subject. There are four basic biological concepts that run throughout: structure and function, universality versus diversity, equilibrium within systems, evolution. The following core topics are offered: statistical analysis, cells, the chemistry of life, genetics, ecology and evolution, human health and physiology.
The IB Chemistry course represents an experimental science that combines academic study with the acquisition of practical and investigational skills. Apart from being a subject worthy of study in its own right, chemistry is a prerequisite for many other courses in higher education, such as medicine, biological science and environmental science, and serves as useful preparation for employment. The course includes the essential principles of the subject; the core topics studied are quantitative chemistry, atomic structure, periodicity, bonding, energetics, kinetics, equilibrium, acids and bases, oxidation and reduction, organic chemistry, measurement and data processing,
Computer science requires an understanding of the fundamental concepts of computational thinking as well as knowledge of how computers and other digital devices operate. The Diploma Programme computer science course is engaging, accessible, inspiring and rigorous. It has the following characteristics. draws on a wide spectrum of knowledge; enables and empowers innovation, exploration and the acquisition of further knowledge; interacts with and influences cultures, society and how individuals and societies behave; raises ethical issues; is underpinned by computational thinking.
The IB Mathematics SL course caters for students who already possess knowledge of basic mathematical concepts, and who are equipped with the skills needed to apply simple mathematical techniques correctly. The majority of these students will expect to need a sound mathematical background as they prepare for future studies in subjects such as chemistry, economics, psychology and business administration. The course focuses on introducing important mathematical concepts through the development of mathematical techniques. The intention is to introduce students to these concepts in a comprehensible and coherent way, rather than insisting on mathematical rigour. Students should wherever possible apply the mathematical knowledge they have acquired to solve realistic problems set in an appropriate context.
The IB Mathematics HL course caters for students with a good background in mathematics who are competent in a range of analytical and technical skills. The majority of these students will be expecting to include mathematics as a major component of their university studies, either as a subject in its own right or within courses such as physics, engineering and technology. Others may take this subject because they have a strong interest in mathematics and enjoy meeting its challenges and engaging with its problems. The nature of the subject is such that it focuses on developing important mathematical concepts in a comprehensible, coherent and rigorous way. This is achieved by means of a carefully balanced approach. Students are encouraged to apply their mathematical knowledge to solving problems set in a variety of meaningful contexts. Development of each topic should feature justification and proof of results. Students embarking on this course should expect to develop insight into mathematical form and structure, and should be intellectually equipped to appreciate the links between concepts in different topic areas. They should also be encouraged to develop the skills needed to continue their mathematical growth in other learning environments.
Students are graded on the 7-grade scale, where 7 is the highest grade. Grades are awarded for oral and written activities, projects, experimental work, etc. in the course of a semester. At the end of each semester, students are given the grade average (or semester grade) in each subject. At the end of a school year, students are given final grades which are averages of semester and school exam grades.
In all subjects, at least some of the assessment is carried out following the requirements of the IB diploma programme. Internal assessment is conducted by teachers, who mark individual pieces of work produced as part of a course of study. The grading system is criterion based, and assessment criteria applied are established by the IBO. Internal assessment grades are externally moderated and make up from 20 to 30 per cent of the final examination grade. Examples of this kind of assessment include oral exercises and class presentations (in language subjects), essays, portfolios, practical laboratory work, mathematical investigations, etc.
Some assessment tasks are conducted and supervised by teachers without the restrictions of examination conditions, but are then marked externally by examiners. Examples include written tasks for Languages A and B, an essay for Theory of Knowledge and an Extended Essay.
The municipality covers the cost of the IBO membership fee. IB students, however, have to pay examination fees to the IBO (approximately 460GBP).
To be admitted as IB Diploma candidates, students must have completed basic secondary education and have to pass entrance exams arranged at Vilnius Lyceum.
Students whose first language is Lithuanian have to take four exams: Lithuanian, English, Mathematics, an elective in Sciences (Biology, Chemistry or Physics).
International students non-Lithuanian speakers have to take three exams: English (first language or second language), Mathematics, an elective in Sciences (Biology, Chemistry, Physics).
Admission in 2014
Application form filled in by a student and a school transcript with latest grades should be submitted from April 1 to 23; the form will be available on the website www.licejus.lt; applications and scanned transcripts may be sent by e-mail to the IB Coordinator’s address email@example.com
Entrance exams 2014 will be held on
Entrance Examinations: Syllabuses
Entrance Examinations: Sample Tasks
Vilija Balčiūnaitė, IB Coordinator, firstname.lastname@example.org
Address: Vilnius Lyceum, Širvintų 82, Vilnius LT-08216, Lithuania, tel./fax (370 5)277 58 36
RESULTS ACHIEVED IN PREVIOUS YEARS
International Baccalaureate Examinations: May 2011, May 2012 and May 2013
In recent years, Vilnius Lyceum IB diploma programme graduates have attended the following universities:
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